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GREAT INDIAN PRESTIGIOUS HIGHEST CIVILIAN BHARAT RATNA AWARD WINNERS

Prestigious Indian Bharat Ratna Awards- Bharat Ratna Award is the highest civilian honor – given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art- Literatur, and Science, and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. The Bharat Ratna first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Since then, many people, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career, have received this coveted award. list of Awardees from 1954 to 2001.

Video on Bharat Ratna Awards…

See also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharat_Ratna

See this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWARoyR1f48
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Here the List of all Bharat Ratna awardees given so far.

See this video...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HiYNWreK3tw

  1. Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi in 2008: Karnataka
  2. Kumari Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar in 2001: Maharashtra
  3. Late Ustad Bismillah Khan in 2001 for contribution in the field of Arts: Uttar Pradesh
  4. Prof. Amartya Sen in1999 for Literature & Education: United Kingdom
  5. Lokpriya Gopinath (posth.) Bordoloi in1999, for Public Affairs: Assam
  6. Big on Hosting. Unlimited Space & Unlimited BandwidthLoknayak Jayprakash (Posth.) Narayan in 1999 for Public Affairs: Bihar
  7. Pandit Ravi Shankar in 1999 for his contribution in the field of Arts: United States
  8. Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam in 1998 for Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
  9. Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi in 1998 for her contribution in the field of Arts: Tamil Nadu
  10. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Science and Engineering: Delhi
  11. Smt. Aruna Asaf (Posth.) Ali in 1997 for her contribution to the field of Public Affairs: Delhi
  12. Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Gujarat
  13. Shri JRD Tata in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Trade & Industry: Maharashtra
  14. Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1992 for his contribution in Public Affairs: West Bengal
  15. Shri Satyajit Ray in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Arts: West Bengal
  16. Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat
  17. Shri Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Delhi
  18. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat
  19. Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Maharashtra
  20. Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: South Africa
  21. Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran in 1988 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
  22. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in 1987 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Pakistan
  23. Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave in 1983 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
  24. Mother Teresa in 1980 for contribution in the field of Social Work: West Bengal
  25. Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj in 1976 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
  26. Shri V.V. Giri in 1975 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Orissa
  27. Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1971 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
  28. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
  29. Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane in 1963 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
  30. Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Andhra Pradesh
  31. Dr. Rajendra Prasad in 1962 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Bihar
  32. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy in 1961 for contribution in the Field of Public Affairs: West Bengal
  33. Shri Purushottam Tandon in 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
  34. Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve in 1958 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
  35. Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant in 1957 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
  36. Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution in Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh
  37. Shri Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
  38. Dr. M.Vishweshwariah in 1955 for contribution in the field of Civil Service: Karnataka
  39. Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
  40. Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1954 in Science & Engineering: Tamil Nadu
  41. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

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  The Great Indian Bharat Ratna Awardees for their outstanding services for India

Bharat Ratna

Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi in 2008:  Karnataka

GREAT INDIAN BHARAT RATNA AWARD WINNERS
Bharat Ratna Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi in 2008

One of the premier types of Hindustani traditional music, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi requires no presentation of sorts. A classicist via preparing and calling, he has known the world over for his ‘Khayal’ type of singing. What made him unmistakable from his counterparts was his capacity to adjust between the conventional music and mass-culture taste. This most likely best clarifies his prosperity as a Hindustani vocalist regarding biggest economically recorded collection. Favored with fine melodic sensibilities and splendid hold of basics, his capable voice, astounding breath control, cadenced position, and an insightful combination of energy and imagination has wondered all who have heard him play. He was a perfectionist by heart and did not analyze much with his music which was set apart by immediacy, exactness and unfathomably quick paced taans. In any case, he advanced the ‘Kiraana Gharana’ by adjusting attributes from different gharanas and adding his own particular unmistakable taste to it. A Bharat Ratna awardee, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi was additionally deliberated with various different lofty and pined for l grants. see his full details..https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhimsen_Joshi    see his biography video ….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cip5Q6fadNI  see this video ….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XzQRlApg_pE     see this video…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzaJ1s7c3k8  See this video….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tc6kdeqqBLs

See this video’s URLs…

Pt.Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (February 4, 1922–January 24, 2011)A …

Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (Kannada: ಭೀಮಸೇನ್ ಜೋಷಿ ) February 4, 1922 — January 24, 2011) was an Indian …

The Unforgettable Classical Musician – Pt. Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition. He is …

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Jun 14, 2014 – Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist in the Hindustani classical tradition. A member of the Kirana Gharana (school), he is renowned for the kh…

Raga Jaunpuri | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Raga Multani | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi-Tirtha Vitthal Kshetra Vitthal (Raag Ahir Bhairav …

Bharat Ratna Pt. Bhimsen Joshi (1922-2011 ) was the Indian vocalist of the Kirana Gharana (school …

Raga Thumri Khammaj | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi …

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Pandit Bhimsen Joshi – Raag Khambavati (Live) – YouTube

Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi, February 4, 1922 – January 24, 2011) was an Indian vocalist in the Hindustani …

Raga Jog | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition ...

Raga Yaman Kalyan | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi …

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition .

Jai Mata Di*Jai Jagdishwari Mata Saraswati*Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj …

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhimsen_Joshi http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers …

Natya Sangeet | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi & Dr. Balamurali Krishna – Raga Bhairav – YouTube

Without Music, Life would be been a Mistake. ~ Friedrich Nietzsche Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (February 4 …

Personalities of India – BHIMSEN JOSHI Film No 192 – YouTube

Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition. He is known …

Raga Thumri Bhairavi | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi …

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Nadiya Kinare | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend Bhimsen Joshi – YouTub

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Bhimsen Joshi sings Miyan ki Todi – YouTube

Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (February 4, 1922 — January 24, 2011) was an Indian vocalist in the Hindustani …

Raga Brindabani Sarang | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Josh

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Raga Hindol | Album: Lifestory Of A Legend, Bhimsen Joshi – YouTube

Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition …

Bharat Ratna 

Kumari Lata Mangeshkar in 2001: Maharashtra

Latha Mangeskhar
Great Indian Bharat Ratna Award Winner Latha Mangeshkar

Lata Mangeshkar Born on 28th  September 1929, as an Indian National. Present her age approximately 88years resident of Indore, Madhya Pradesh State India. Occupation Playback singer,  Father Deenanath Mangeshkar Mother Shevanti Mangeshkar.she actively participated in singing from 1942 to till today. Latha Mangeshkar Had Asha Bhonsle (sister), Usha Mangeshkar (Sister), Meena Mangeshkar (Sister), Hridaynath Mangeshkar (Brother), She received Many Prestigious Indian Awards Padma Bhushan 1969, Padma Vibhushan 1999, Awards Bharat Ratna 2001. See alshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lata_Mangeshkar  


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See these Youtube video URLs…

Lata Mangeshkar | Bollywood Rewind | Biography and Facts – YouTube

Great Indian Bharat Ratna award winner Ustad Bismillah Khan
Great Indian Bharat Ratna award winner Ustad Bismillah Khan

Indian Origin Great Indian Bismillakhan Name of his Birth Amiruddin Khan Born on 21 March 1916. Resided Dumraon, Buxar District, Bihar, British India. Occupation Indian Classical Musician on Shehnai, Died on 21 August 2006 (matured 90).

Great Indian Ustad Bismillah Khan was an awesome Shehnai player from India. His name was and will everlastingly be related with shehnai, the melodic instrument that he made celebrated with his ability and pondering in the post autonomous India. Khan had a place with a group of customary artists of Bihar who used to play in the courts of the royal states, which is the reason playing shehnai came exceptionally normal to him. He was splendid at what he did – the motivation behind why he had constantly played at the vital national occasions for a national group of onlookers like the primary Indian Independence Day and first Republic Day. Khan with his effortlessness, love for music and straightforwardness did turn into a national most loved as well as picked up a considerable measure of fame and love from the west. For his imagination and dominance in his craft, Khan was given with the title of ‘Ustad’ and earned numerous honors like the Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, privileged doctorates from Banaras Hindu University and Viswa Bharati University.

  1. Bismillah Khan was conceived in Bhirung Raut Ki Gali at Dumrao, Bihar, in 1913 to Paigambar Khan and Mitthan into the group of performers.
  2. His ancestors were performers in the courts of the royal conditions of that time like Bhojpur, Bihar and his dad was a shehnai player in the court of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh, Dumrao.
  3. At the young age of 6, Khan was moved to the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, where he got preparing in music under the supervision of his uncle Ali Baksh, who was a well-known shehnai player and used to play for Varanasi’s Vishwanath Temple.
  4. Khan learned the specialty of playing shehnai and aced it in a limited ability to focus time. It isn’t implausible to state that he was the person who made shehnai a renowned established instrument with his common ability and awesome commitment.
  5. With his show in All India Music Conference in 1937 (at Calcutta), Khan brought shehnai at the front line of Indian traditional music. He played so well that his name got connected to the instrument right away.
  6. In 1947, on the event of India’s festival of its first freedom day, Khan was welcomed by the primary Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to come and perform inhabit the Red Fort in Delhi. This execution ended up one of his most commended ones.
  7. He again performed in 1950 – this time on the event of India’s first Republic Day at Red Fort in Delhi.
  8. Khan did not simply perform for the Indian group of onlookers but rather on numerous events performed for the worldwide gathering of people too. He partook in Cannes Art Festival, Osaka Trade Fair and World Exposition in Montreal.
  9. Khan had a profound relationship with the universe of the silver screen too. He played lovely shehnai orchestras for a Kannada dialect motion picture named Sadaadi Appanna. He likewise acted in a Satyajit Ray’s motion picture Jalsaghar in 1958.
  10. He did some different motion pictures too – Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), Sange Meel Se Mulaqat, a narrative all alone life and furthermore showed up in the limit of an artist in Dustin Hoffman’s The Graduate (1967).

Significant Works

Khan’s entire life was committed to playing shehnai with all his enthusiasm – a custom he helped in keeping alive in the post autonomous India. In the event that it was not for him, shehnai would have been repetitive in the recently free India. He made shehnai a standout amongst the most mainstream melodic instruments from Asia.

Honors and Achievements

Khan was presented with the title of ‘Ustad’ and earned numerous awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, privileged doctorates from Banaras Hindu University and Viswa Bharati University, and so forth.

Individual Life and Legacy

Khan was made due by his five little girls, three children and numerous grandkids and incredible grandkids. He likewise received a girl named Dr Soma Ghosh. She is a well known Hindustani shastriya sangeet example. He died in 2006 because of heart failure. He was covered in a national service alongside his shehnai at Fatemain graveyard, Varanasi.

See also  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismillah_Khan See also ..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QL8C4Y1xdQ   also See also …https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro   also, See this videohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nOXDJwu3HKs  Also, see this video URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUQO6petFcs  Also, see this video Url  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqNV2eo1OII  also, see this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaWw31LjvrI

Bharat Ratna 

Prof. Amartya Sen in1999 for Literature & Education :

United Kingdom

Bharat Ratna  Prof. Amartya Sen in1999 for Literature & Education
Bharat Ratna  Prof. Amartya Sen in1999 for Literature & Education

Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States. An Indian National Born on 3 November 1933 (age 83), at Santiniketan His Education On Presidency University Kolkata   Spouse  Emma Georgina Rothschild (m. 1991), Eva Colorni (m. 1971–1985), Nabaneeta Dev Sen (m. 1959–1976)

.His inspiring Quotes:

(1) While I am interested both in economics and in philosophy, the union of my interests in the two fields far exceeds their intersection. (2) I have not had any serious non-academic job.(3) But the idea that I should be a teacher and a researcher of some sort did not vary over the years.(4) Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen

see this ..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljvjf9vxwvk

see this videohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OsNpFYQWbU

also, see this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAUbYFEzHek

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Bharat Ratna 

Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi in1999, for Public Affairs :

Assam

Lokpriya Gopinath
Bharat Ratna  Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi in1999, for Public Affairs: Assam

Born on  6th  June 1890, Resided at Raha, Guwahati, Assam, died  on 5 August 1950 (aged 60) Indian National Congress is his political Party Name his Spouse is Surawala Bordoloi studied at  University of Calcutta, his Occupation Politician, writer, His Great Indian Awards Bharat Ratna (1999)

Gopinath Bordoloi was the Prime Minister of Assam before freedom and later Chief Minister of the Indian territory of Assam, and furthermore a main Indian autonomy lobbyist. He was a devotee of the Gandhian guideline of peacefulness as a political instrument…
Awards‎:Bharat Ratna‎ (1999) Occupation‎:Politician, essayist. His Political party‎- Indian National Congres
s and for more.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gopinath_Bordoloi 

See also.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPJLQNBbie4

 

 

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Bharat Ratna 

Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan in 1999 for Public Affairs:

Bihar

Bharat Ratna  Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan in 1999 for Public Affairs: Bihar
Bharat Ratna  Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan in 1999 for Public Affairs: Bihar

Jayaprakash Narayan, popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak, was an Indian independence activist, theorist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition. His Nick Name Loknayak Born On 11 October 1902, Loknayak Organized Parties like Janta Party, Congress Socialist Party and some more parties, studied in University of California, Berkely, Ohio State University, and University of Wisconsin-Madison.see also for details https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayaprakash_Narayan

See his biograyphy...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TpJUnYTL7Y

See his biograyphyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=40vguTJ6rFM

See his biograyphy…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X5c-XwQ3qGw

http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/ravi-shankar.htmlwww.culturalindia.net › Indian Music 

See this video…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYsibGBk2zo 

Pandit Ravi Shankar in 1999 for his contribution in the field of Arts: United States.

Pandit Ravi Shankar in 1999 for his contribution in the field of Arts
Pandit Ravi Shankar in 1999 for his contribution in the field of Arts

Bharat Ratna Ravi Shankar Born on seventh April 1920 Benares, United Provinces of Agra and Outh British India Now Uttarpradesh, Independent India. His unique Name Rabindra Shankar Chowdhury, his name regularly went before by the title Pandit, was an Indian performer and a writer of Hindustani traditional music. His utilized instruments are Sitar and singing established, the name of his better half Sukanya Rajan 1989-2012-Annapurna Devi 1941to1961. He died on 11th  December 2012 because of respiratory disappointment. His melodies are Punjabi, Vandana trayee. Ragaas in Minor Scale.for details see website  www.ravishankar.org/  see this video..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Efv01qBREQs   and see this https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravi_Shankar  also see.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ukbsdo01_c8    See this  http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/ravi-shankar.htmlwww.culturalindia.net › Indian Music    See this video…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYsibGBk2zo 

Bharat Ratna 

Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam in 1998 for Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna  Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam in 1998 for Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna  Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam in 1998 for Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

Chidambaram Subramaniam Born on 30th January 1910 at Pollachi, died on 7th November 2000 at Chennai.He was an Indian politician and Independence activist. He served as Minister of Finance and Minister of Defence in the Union Cabinet. He later served as the Governor of Maharashtra.  He has a Children of Aruna RamaKrsihanan, Swathantra Sakthivel, S.S. Raksekar. Chidambaram Education is done at Presidency College, University of Madras.Chennai  He is awarded as a Bharat Ratna. for more info see about Chidambaram Subramaniam  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chidambaram_Subramaniam  See this video..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwZeEzdMEEU See this video.  http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/chidambaram-Subramaniam-biography.html

 

Bharat Ratna 

Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi in 1998 for her contribution in the field of Arts: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna  Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi in 1998 for her contribution in the field of Arts: Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna  Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi in 1998 for her contribution in the field of Arts: Tamil Nadu

M.S Subbalakshmi famously Known as M.S. She Born on16 September 1916 at Madurai, Madras Presidency, India She is the Indian Classical Vocalist proficient. She Actively played music in the middle of 1930-2004 passed on eleventh December 2004 around then she is matured 88 Years. she is the principal Indian artist to get the Ramon Magsaysay grant.she is awarded Bharat Ratna for her contribution in the field of Arts. for more details see the following links.  see her details https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._S._Subbulakshmi     see here  https://www.msstribute.org/  See this video…   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MyTCVygANZQ    See this    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOsPWA-A1Og    see her  details  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xx0NGpBxD8M    See this ..https://www.facebook.com/bookmydarshan/videos/1948971365375081/?fref=nf

 

 

Bharat Ratna 

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Science and Engineering: Delhi

Bharat Ratna  Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Science and Engineering: Delhi
Bharat Ratna  Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Science and Engineering: Delhi

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was conceived in a necessitous and minimal instructed Tamil family on 15 October 1931, at Rameswaram locale of Tamil Nadu, India. His dad, Jainulabdeen, was a vessel proprietor, and his mom, Ashiamma, was a homemaker. He began working at a youthful age to help his dad. He got normal evaluations in school yet was viewed as a persevering and brilliant understudy with a powerful urge to learn things. He used to examine for quite a long time, particularly science. He finished his tutoring from Rameswaram Elementary School. In 1954, he graduated in Physics from      St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli, which was then partnered to the University of Madras. From that point, in 1955, he moved to Madras (now Chennai) and joined the Madras Institute of Technology and contemplated advanced plane design. His fantasy was to end up plainly a military pilot yet he was positioned ninth while the IAF offered just eight openings. He remained an unhitched male.

Abdul Kalam ascended from lack of definition through his own and expert battles and his work on Agni, Prithvi, Akash, Trishul and Nag rockets turned into an easily recognized name in India and raised the country’s notoriety to universal retribution. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam passed away on 27 July 2015, because of a huge heart failure amid an address at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong.

See his biography by many Authors

  • A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India, by K. Bhushan and G. Katyal.
  • Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr. Kalam, written by S. Chandra.
  • President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, written by R.K. Pruthi.
  • My Days with Mahatma Abdul Kalam, written by Fr. A.K. George.
  • A Little Dream, a documentary film by P. Dhanapal, Minveli Media Works Private Limited.
  • The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President, written by P.M. Nair.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._P._J._Abdul_Kalam

See his website http://www.abdulkalam.co

See this documentary..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQ-pv4UO-eM

see this rules of success…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EVoWrM73sKA

see this video..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zdCiaXPE8JQ

Bharat Ratna 

Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali in 1997 for her contribution

in the field of Public Affairs: Delhi

Bharat Ratna  Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali in 1997 for her contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Delhi
Bharat Ratna  Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali in 1997 for her contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Delhi

Aruna Asaf Ali is popular for raising the Congress hail at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay amid the Quit India Movement in 1942. She was conceived on 16 July 1909 at Kalka, Haryana and was taught at Lahore and Nainital. In the wake of finishing her instruction, she started to educate at the Gokhale Memorial School in Kolkata. She wedded Asaf Ali, a Congress pioneer in 1928. After her marriage, she started to take part effectively in the opportunity development. She partook in the Salt Satyagraha. She was holding a detainee at the Tihar Jail in 1932 where she challenged the decrepit treatment allotted to detainees by propelling a craving strike. From that point, she was moved to Ambala and put in isolation.

After the AICC passed the Quit India determination on 8 August 1942, the British government reacted by capturing the significant pioneers of the Congress Working Committee. It was left to a youthful Aruna Asaf Ali to manage the rest of the session on 9 August. She lifted the Congress hail at the Gowalia Tank maidan and earned the appellation “Champion of the 1942 development“. The British government endeavored to capture her, however, she went underground meanwhile. Her property was seized and sold. She started to alter Inquilab, a month to month magazine of the Congress Party. She left covering up after the capture warrant against her was pulled back. She was near Mahatma Gandhi.

Aruna Asaf Ali was an individual from the Congress Socialist Party, a gathering inside the Congress Party for activists with communist leanings. She was disappointed with the advance of Congress party on communism and joined another gathering, Socialist Party in 1948. She didn’t remain in that gathering for long and joined the CPI(Communist Party of India). She helped found the National Federation of Indian Women, the ladies’ wing of CPI in 1954. This striking woman was chosen as the principal Mayor of Delhi in 1958. She rejoined the Congress Party in 1964, however, did not participate in dynamic legislative issues.

She got many honors amid her lifetime. She was granted the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1964 and the Bharat Ratna, after death in 1997. This extraordinary flexibility warrior passed away on 29 July 1996.

See this for more details https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aruna_Asaf_Ali   See this videos….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0jU0VlotMM   See this video…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmCUw8v7Y_c    See this …https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vj3REjzTMyE  see this slideshow video…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yCAEX-HBAY4…see  this ..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmFGGcEm0PM

Bharat Ratna 

Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Gujarat

Bharat Ratna  Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Gujarat
Bharat Ratna  Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda in 1997 for his contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Gujarat

Gulzarilal Nanda was the second Prime Minister of India who served twice as acting Prime Minister for brief time frames. He was conceived on July 4, 1898, in Sialkot, Punjab which now lies in Pakistan. Before 1947 he was prominently known as the proprietor of ‘Nanda Bus Service’. He filled in as an examination researcher on Labor issues at Allahabad University and later moved toward becoming Professor of Economics at National College in Bombay in 1921.

It was amid this time he was extraordinarily impacted by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1921, Nanda joined Gandhi in his Non-Cooperation Movement and served a correctional facility term for his contribution in Gandhi’s Satyagraha. In 1947 he went to Geneva as government delegate to the International Labor Conference. He at that point turned into the Vice-administrator of the Planning Commission in March 1950. He likewise filled in as Labor Minister of the Bombay Constituency. He was chosen to the Lok Sabha thrice. In his initial term in 1952, he filled in as the priest for Planning, Irrigation, and Power.

In 1957, in his second term, he was named as the Union Minister for Labor, Employment, and Planning. He wound up plainly acting Prime Minister out of the blue after Jawaharlal Nehru’s passing. He served for not as much as a month until the Congress, the decision party, picked the following head. He turned into the acting Prime Minister for a moment time after Lal Bahadur Shastri’s demise in 1966. This time likewise he held office for a brief span until the point when the new Prime Minister was chosen.

In spite of the fact that he had served for brief periods as the acting Prime Minister, he is associated with his work as Labor Minister. He was an impassioned adherent of Gandhi’s standards and was granted the Bharat Ratna, the most astounding regular citizen grant in India. Gulzarilal Nanda passed away on January 15, 1998.  See this video..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eyS-5axKP7I   See this video….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m1Pe6mKdx-g  See this video…..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kzxwJsOStrU

Bharat Ratna 

Shri JRD Tata in 1992 for his contribution

in the field of Trade & Industry: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna  Shri JRD Tata in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Trade & Industry: Maharashtra
Bharat Ratna  Shri JRD Tata in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Trade & Industry: Maharashtra

J R D Tata is one of the pioneers of mechanical upheaval in India. He is the glad inheritor of Jamsedji Tata, father of Indian industry, and is a diviner in Indian industry.

As his mom was a French JRD Tata was conceived in 1904 in Paris and taught in Cambridge University in and came back to India so as to complete the matter of his dad. He was additionally one of the smart people like his dad and by his administration, Tata industry developed with pile and limits in India.

JRD Tata was, for the most part, an expert pilot and was more intrigued by aeronautics. He was the main Indian pilot to fit the bill for the British private permit. Goodbye set up British Airways in 1932. He was the primary Indian to make point of interest in putting resources into the flight part. By 1953 British Airways came to be referred to as the Indian Airlines and in addition government assumed control over its possession.

JRD Tata extended the modern kingdom of the Tatas and made it the biggest mechanical chain in India with interests in real areas of industry and business. Goodbye building and trains constrained is the start of JRD Tata that was headquartered in Jamshedpur which was named after him as Tatanagar in Jharkhand. For his exceptional commitment to Indian industry, JRD Tata was regarded as the most astounding nonmilitary personnel honor of India Bharat Ratna in 1991. He inhaled toward the end in 1993. See his quotes.. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wi8fQzMvtJY  See his  biography videohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmC55SpFrI4 See this video an interview with JRD Ratan TATAhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2oI1YQ_AIQ

A RARE INTERVIEW WITH JRD TATA – YouTube

In Conversation with the Pioneer of Indian Civil Aviation and the Father of Air India Mr. Jehangir Ratanji …

JRD Tata: A life extraordinaire – YouTube

Take a look into the life and times of JRD Tata on his 106th birth anniversary.

Bharat Ratna

Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1992 for his contribution in Public Affairs:

West Bengal

Bharat Ratna Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1992 for his contribution in Public Affairs: West Bengal
Bharat Ratna Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1992 for his contribution in Public Affairs: West Bengal

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s genuine name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. He was prevalently known as Maulana Azad. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the principal pioneers of Indian opportunity battle. He was likewise a famous researcher, and writer. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was knowledgeable in numerous dialects viz. Arabic, English, Urdu, Hindi, Persian, and Bengali. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a brilliant debater, as demonstrated by his name, Abul Kalam, which truly signifies “Master of exchange” He embraced the nom de plume Azad as a characteristic of his mental liberation from a restricted perspective of religion and life.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was conceived on November 11, 1888, in Mecca. His ancestors originated from Herat (a city Afghanistan) in Babar’s days. Azad was a descendant of a genealogy of educated Muslim researchers or maulanas. His mom was an Arab and the little girl of Sheik Mohammad Zaher Watri and his dad, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan starting points. Khairuddin left India amid tile Sepoy Mutiny and continued to Mecca and settled there. He returned to Calcutta with his family in 1890.

  • As a result of his universal family foundation, Azad needed to seek after customary Islamic training. He was educated at home, first by his dad and later by delegated instructors who were prominent in their individual fields. Azad learned Arabic and Persian first and afterward reasoning, geometry, arithmetic and polynomial math. He additionally learned (English, world history, and governmental issues through self-investigation.
  • Great Indian Bharat Ratna Award winner Azad was prepared and taught to wind up noticeably a pastor, He composed many works, reinterpreting the blessed Quran. His knowledge lets him renounce Taqliq or the custom of congruity and acknowledge the rule of Tajdid or development. He created enthusiasm for the pan- Islamic regulations of Jamaluddin Afghani and the Aligarh thought of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Saturated with the dish Islamic soul, he went by Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey. In Iraq, he met the ousted progressives who were battling to set up an established government in Iran. In Egypt, he met Shaikh Muhammad Abduh and Saeed Pasha and other progressive activists of the Arab world. He had a direct learning of the beliefs and soul of the youthful Turks in Constantinople. Every one of these contacts transformed him into a patriot progressive.
  • On his arrival from abroad; Azad met two driving progressives of Bengal-Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Sundar Chakravarty,- and joined the progressive development against British run the show. Azad found that the progressive exercises were confined to Bengal and Bihar. Within two years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad helped set up mystery progressive focuses all finished north India and Bombay. Amid that time a large portion of his progressives was hostile to Muslim since they felt that the British government was utilizing the Muslim people group against India’s opportunity battle. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad attempted to persuade his associates to shed their antagonistic vibe towards Muslims.
  • In 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad began a week after week diary in Urdu called Al-Hilal to build the progressive volunteers among the Muslims. Al-Hilal assumed a critical part in producing Hindu-Muslim solidarity after the ill will made between the two groups in the repercussions of Morley-Minto changes. Al-Hilal turned into a progressive mouthpiece ventilating fanatic perspectives. ‘The legislature viewed Al-Hilal as the propagator of secessionist sees and prohibited it in 1914. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad at that point began another week by week called Al-Balagh with a similar mission of spreading Indian patriotism and progressive thoughts in view of Hindu-Muslim solidarity. In 1916, the administration restricted this paper as well and removed Maulana Abul Kalam Azad from Calcutta and web him at Ranchi from where he was discharged after the First World War 1920.
  • After his discharge, Azad energized the Muslim people group through the Khilafat Movement. The point of the development was to re-instate the Khalifa as the head of British caught Turkey. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad supported Non-Cooperation Movement began by Gandhiji and entered Indian National Congress in 1920. He was chosen as the leader of the uncommon session of the Congress in Delhi (1923). Maulana Azad was again captured in 1930 for infringement of the salt laws as a major aspect of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha. He was placed in Meerut imprison for eighteen months. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad turned into the leader of Congress in 1940 (Ramgarh) and stayed in the post till 1946. He was a staunch rival of a segment and bolstered a confederation of independent regions with their own constitutions however normal barrier and economy. Segment hurt him great(y subterranean insect smashed his fantasy of a brought together country where Hindus and Muslims can exist together and succeed together.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad filled in as the Minister of Education (the primary instruction serve in autonomous India) in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s bureau from 1947 to 1958. He died of a stroke on February 22, 1958. For his important commitment to the country, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was after death granted India’s most noteworthy non-military personnel respect, Bharat Ratna in 1992.   

see details of Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad…

See this video.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqojwIiogjQ 

also, see this ..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RSLTJi3nLuc

Bharat Ratna

Shri Satyajit Ray in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Arts: West Bengal

Bharat Ratna Shri Satyajit Ray in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Arts: West Bengal
Bharat Ratna Shri Satyajit Ray in 1992 for his contribution in the field of Arts: West Bengal

Satyajit Ray was conceived on the second of May 1921. His dad was Sukumar Ray, the immense author of verse. His granddad was the outstanding author, Upendra Kishore Ray Chowdhury. Satyajit Ray passed the Matriculation Examination fSeerom Ballygung Govt. Secondary School and moved on from the University of Calcutta in 1940.

The initial film of Satyajit Ray was “Pather Panchali“. This film made him renowned in our own nation as well as in different parts of the world. His name was then on each lip. From that point forward, he effectively coordinated film like ‘Apur Sansar’. ‘Aparajita’, ‘Jalsaghar’, ‘Gupi Gyne Bagha Byne’ and numerous different movies. These movies won incredible honors for him. The best of every single such honor was the ‘Oscar’ gave up on him by the Academy of Motion Pictures of New York.

This incredible child of Bengal breathed his last on the 23rd April 1992. His extraordinary movies have made him everlasting. His name and popularity will never soak into blankness.  see this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zACGLjd9JNY   see this video….https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2mqIgdae5I  See this Sri Satyajit Ray’s film. .https://indiancine.ma/HRQ/info  see this video….https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/6403624442796619/

 See these vieo URLs…

“Two” by Satyajit Ray – YouTube

In 1964, renowned filmmaker Satyajit Ray was asked to create a short film for ‘ESSO World Theater’, a …

Satyjit Ray at Work-indoor and outdoor film shooting – YouTube

Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently …

Top 20 Songs of Satyajit Ray | HD Songs | One Stop Jukebox – YouTube

Click on the timing mentioned below to listen to the particular song in the above video 00:00:06 Maharaja …

Satyajit Ray interviewed by Pierre Andre Boutang 1989 VI – YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3Lr0uGgy_s

Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently …

Anukul | Satyajit Ray | Sujoy Ghosh I Royal Stag Barrel Select Large …

What happens when a machine starts questioning our ways of the world? Watch the gripping tale of ‘Anukul …

Satyajit Ray DD Kolkata Interview – YouTube

Satyajit Ray DD Kolkata Interview … Best of Utpal Dutt | Bengali Movie Scenes |Video Jukebox | Utpal Dutt …

Working with Satyajit Ray: Soumitra Chatterjee – YouTube

Bengali film actor Soumitra Chatterjee speaks about Bengali film director Satyajit Ray at the sets of Apur …

The legacy of Satyajit Ray – YouTube

Discussion BBC World News programme ‘Impact’, hosted by Karin Giannone, on the legacy of Indian film …

Bharat Ratna

Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat

Bharat Ratna Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat
Bharat Ratna Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat

Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai, A native of Bhadeli, a village near the city of Bulsar, in what is now the state of Gujarat, Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was born on leap years day in 1896, the oldest of the 6 children of Great Indian Ranchhodji Desai, a teacher, and Vajiaben (or Maniben) Desai. He was educated at Bombay University, and he was a civil servant for 12 years before embarking on a long and varied political career. He joined Congress in 1930 but was twice imprisoned as a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Campaign before becoming Revenue Minister in the Bombay government (1937-39). He was again imprisoned (1941-45) for his part in the ‘Quit India’ movement, before again serving as Bombay’s Revenue Minister (1946) and later, Home Minister and Chief Minister (1952). Four years later, he entered central government, first as Minister for Commerce and Industry (1956-58) then as Finance Minister, resigning in 1963 to devote himself to party work.

Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was a candidate for the premiership in 1964 and again in 1966 when he was defeated by Indira Gandhi. Deputy Priminister and Minister of Finance in her administration, Morarji Ranchhodji Desai, resigned in 1968 over differences with the premier. In 1974 he supported political agitation in Gujarat, and the following year began a fast in support of elections in the state, being detained when a state of emergency was proclaimed. After his release in 1977, he was appointed a leader of the Janata Party, a coalition opposed to Mrs. Gandhi’s rule, and he finally became Prime Minister after the elections that same year. The Janata government was, however, characterized by much internal strife, and Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was forced to resign in 1979. see details about him.

See details of Moraji Desai…

see details about him..www.pmindia.gov.in/en/former_pm/shri-morarji-desai-2/ 

See details about him…. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morarji_Desai  See this video..https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3H33En1YSc

Morarji Desai Family Photos with Wife and Others- Morarji Desai …

Morarji Desai is an Indian independence activist who was born on 29th February 1896. He served as 4th Prime …

Bharat Ratna

Shri Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Delhi

Bharat Ratna Shri Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs : Delhi
Great Indian Bharat Ratna Shri Rajiv Gandhi

Great Indian Rajiv Gandhi was born in a standout amongst the most conspicuous political groups of India. He turned into the third era in his family to end up the Prime Minister of India – after his maternal granddad, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and mother Smt. Indira Gandhi. He turned into the most youthful Prime Minister of India at 40 years old. The formative ventures propelled by him incorporated the update of national training approach and significant extension of the telecom part. Rajiv Gandhi likewise rose as one of India’s more questionable Prime Ministers because of his charged inclusion in the Bofors embarrassment worth Rs. 640 million. His forceful endeavors to control the LTTE in Sri Lanka prompted his less than ideal death by the gathering in Sriperambudur in 1991. He was granted the Bharat Ratna, India’s most astounding nonmilitary personnel acknowledgment, after death in 1991.

Early Life and Education:-

Great indian Rajiv Gandhi was conceived on 20 August 1944, into the nation’s famous political administration – the Nehru-Gandhi family. His mom, Indira Gandhi was the first and the main lady Prime Minister of India. Feroze Gandhi, a key individual from the Indian National Congress and the proofreader of The National Herald daily paper, was his dad. Rajiv Gandhi at first went to the Welham Boys’ School and along these lines went to the world-class Doon School in Dehradun. Afterward, he went to the United Kingdom to learn at the Cambridge University. Rajiv met Sonia Maino (later Sonia Gandhi) from Italy at Cambridge University. After his arrival from the United Kingdom, Rajiv Gandhi displayed minimum enthusiasm for legislative issues and centered onto turning into an expert pilot. He, later worked for Indian Airlines, as a pilot.

  • Political Career:-

Great Indian Rajiv had no tendency to take after his family’s custom and join legislative issues. It was his more youthful sibling Sanjay Gandhi who was being prepared to take up the rudders of the political heritage. However, Sanjay’s sudden passing in a plane crash changed Rajiv’s fate. The senior individuals from the Indian National Congress party moved toward Rajiv Gandhi to convince him to join legislative issues however Rajiv was hesitant and said “no” to them. His better half, Sonia Gandhi, additionally remained by Rajiv’s situation of not going into governmental issues. Be that as it may, after a steady demand from his mom Indira Gandhi, he chose to challenge. His entrance was censured by numerous in the press, open and restriction. They saw the passage of Nehru-Gandhi scion into legislative issues as a constrained inherited support. Inside a couple of long stretches of his race as a Member of Parliament from Amethi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajiv Gandhi obtained noteworthy gathering impact and turned into a critical political guide to his mom. He was additionally chosen as the general secretary of the All-India Congress Committee and in this way turned into the leader of the Youth Congress.

  • Executive of India:-

Following the death of Indira Gandhi on October 31, 1984, by her protectors at her New Delhi home, Rajiv Gandhi was sworn as the Prime Minister. The Congress Party, riding high on the disaster, saw an avalanche triumph in the parliamentary after races.

  • Financial Policies:-

The financial strategies received by Rajiv Gandhi were unique in relation to his ancestors like Indira Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. He presented arrangements that verged on quick changes of the current monetary plan of the nation which depended on protectionism following a Soviet model. These changes cleared a path for the more broad linearization endeavors of the economy in 1991. Another real choice amid his residency as Prime Minister was the choice to get rid of the permit and standard Raj. He decreased expense on a mechanical industry, changed import strategies identified with media transmission, barrier, and business carrier. He put accentuation on presentation of contemporary mechanical advances in different segments, along these lines modernizing enterprises to draw in higher remote interest in the economy.

  • Local Policies:-

His endeavors to lessen the ‘Formality’ culture existing in the administration monetary and money related procedures were gone for empowering the foundation of the private part. In 1986, Rajiv Gandhi reported a “national training approach” to modernize and grow advanced education programs crosswise over India. Rajiv Gandhi got an upset the field of data innovation and telecom. The thought prompted setting-up of the Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited, famously known as MTNL. Rajiv Gandhi was the man to rise above telecom administrations to the country India or “India in an obvious sense”. As Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi tried to dispose of the degenerate and criminal faces inside the Indian National Congress party. With reference to the Shah Bano case, Rajiv Gandhi drove Government tried to pass the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act in 1986, which was an inversion of the sentence controlled by the Supreme Court. The Government’s choice to maintain Islamic arrangements that were out of line to ladies, influenced it to look “retrogressive obscurantism for here and now minority populism”.

  • Remote Policies

Conflicting with the conventional communism, Rajiv Gandhi chose to enhance the two-sided associations with the United States of America and along these lines extended the monetary and logical collaboration with it. A restored remote strategy, stressing on the monetary advancement and data and innovation drew India nearer toward the West.

As the Prime Minister of India, Gandhi guaranteed more grounded financial ties with the United States. He advanced the Gandhian rationality of peacefulness at the United Nations General Assembly by declining to join the Nuclear Weapon temporary fad and vocalizing for an “Atomic Weapon Free and Non-Violent World Order”. He chose to loan his assistance in managing household issues of a few neighboring nations. In 1988, Maldives confronted an upset and they looked for Rajiv Gandhi’s assistance. He promptly requested the sending of the Indian Army in a task code-named Cactus. Amid the Sri Lankan Civil War, Gandhi sent the Indian Peace Keeping Force to the nation to ensure the regular citizens.

  • IPKF

In 1987, the Indian Peace Keeping Force was framed to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the Sri Lankan military. The demonstrations of the Indian military unexpected was restricted by the Opposition gatherings of Sri Lanka and additionally LTTE. Be that as it may, Rajiv Gandhi declined to pull back the IPKF. The thought likewise ended up being disliked in India, especially in Tamil Nadu. The IPKF activity cost more than 1100 Indian warriors and a cost of over Rs 2000 crores. The across the board feeling of noxiousness against Rajiv Gandhi winning in Sri Lanka was clear when a respected watch Vijitha Rohana endeavored to harm Gandhi by hitting him with the rifle on July 30, 1987. Gandhi was in Colombo to sign the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord which was relied upon to determine the strains caused by the Civil War.

  • Death

On 21 May 1991, on his way towards the dais, Rajiv Gandhi was garlanded by numerous Congress supporters and well-wishers. At around 10 pm, the professional killer welcomed him and bowed down to contact his feet. She at that point detonated an RDX dangerous loaded belt connected to her midriff belt. The demonstration of savagery was supposedly completed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), in countering to the association of Indian Peace-keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka.

See these video URLs…

Rajiv Gandhi takes oath as Prime Minister of India – YouTube

A very much younger Sonia Gandhi watches over the ceremony of oath taking as Rajiv Gandhi takes over as …

Rajiv Gandhi Lifestyle, House, Cars, Awards, Education, Tomb …

Watch the video of Rajiv Gandhi Lifestyle, House, Cars, Awards, Education, Tomb, Commemorations, Biography …

Rajiv Gandhi – the youngest Prime Minister of India – YouTube

Rajiv Gandhi was born in one of the most prominent political families of India. He became the third generation …

Rajiv Gandhi Biography in short and rare moments – YouTube

Rajiv Ratna Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India, serving from 1984 to 1989. He took office after 1984 …

Very good documentary on Rajiv Gandhi by Zee news – YouTube

As a media student watching documentaries is my interest. I came across this film on Rajiv Gandhi’s birth …

Bharat Ratna

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat

Bharat Ratna Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat
Bharat Ratna Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Gujarat

Great Indian and Bharat Ratna Award winner Known as the “Iron Man of India”, Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Gujarat. He was the fourth of the six offspring of his dad, Jhaveribhai. Patel is credited for being relative without any assistance in charge of binding together India on the eve of freedom. He finished his registration at 22 years old because of the poor money related state of the family. Patel wanted to concentrate to wind up an attorney. So he began to work and spare assets. He went to England to ponder law. He passed examinations inside two years and flew out back to India. Patel began rehearsing as a counselor in Ahmadabad. In 1917, Sardar Patel chose as the sanitation chief of Ahmadabad. He showed unprecedented dedication to obligation and individual valor in battling an episode of torment and drove a fruitful fomentation for the evacuation of a disagreeable British city chief. Roused by the expressions of Gandhi, Patel began dynamic support in the Indian freedom development. In 1920, Patel was named and chosen as the President of the Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee where he served in a similar post till 1945.

In 1923 Patel gained nationwide acknowledgment after his fruitful authority in the satyagraha in Nagpur against a law prohibiting the raising of the Indian banner. In 1928 he drove an effective battle against the climb in the land income in Bardoli of Surat region. It was after this crusade Vallabhbhai was given the well-known title Sardar. He assumed an imperative part in the basic leadership procedure of All India Congress Committee. 1942 Vallabhbhai Patel was captured for a long time amid Quit India Movement. After India’s Independence 1947, Patel turned into India’s first Home Minister and Minister of Information and Broadcasting.  At the season of autonomy, India was isolated into numerous parts for the most part regions manages by genetic rulers. It is because of Patel’s persistent exertion that outcomes in an effective unification of in excess of 500 states with India. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel inhaled his keep going on December 15, 1950, in Delhi after a huge heart assault. In 1991, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was granted after death with India’s most noteworthy regular citizen grant, Bharat Ratna.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography – YouTube

biographical film made by Films Division of India about the life and work of the great nationalist leader and …

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel | Iron Man of India | Sardar Vallabhbhai …

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel | Iron Man of India | Unknown Facts | Freedom Fighter Famous Personalities and …

Vallabhbhai Patel Biography | Vallabhbhai Patel Life Achievements …

Vallabhbhai Patel Biography | Vallabhbhai Patel Life Achievements & Timeline |Vallabhbhai Patel First …

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Biography KPSC Question/Answer – YouTube

Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was an Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian …

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ‘Iron Man of India’ Biography, Facts, Life …

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a revered name in Indian politics. A lawyer and a political activist, he played a …

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Biography) – AAJ KE MAHAPURUSH in …

AAJ KE MAHPURUSH is a program recorded on every Sunday to enlist the presence of great humans on the …

Vallabhbhai Patel Biography in short and rare photos – YouTube

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National …


Bharat Ratna

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: Maharashtra
Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Great Indian Bharat Ratna Award winner Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth offspring of his folks. Ambedkar’s dad Ramji was a Subedar in the Indian Army and posted at Mhow cantonment, MP. Ambedkar needed to confront extreme separations from each side of the general public as his folks hailed from the Hindu Mahar standing. Mahar give was seen a role as “untouchable” by the privileged.

  • Great Indian Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was prominently known as Babasaheb Ambedkar and everybody realizes that he was one of the planners of the Indian Constitution. He was an extremely surely understood political pioneer, prominent legal scholar, Buddhist dissident, rationalist, anthropologist, a history specialist, speaker, essayist, financial expert, researcher and editorial manager, as well. Dr. Ambedkar battled to annihilate the social disasters like untouchability and for the privileges of the Dalits and other socially in reverse classes for the duration of his life. Dr. Ambedkar was delegated as India’s first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was after death granted the Bharat Ratna, India’s most elevated regular citizen respect in 1990.
  • The segregation and mortification frequented Ambedkar even at the Army school, keep running by the British government. The separation took after wherever he went. In 1908, Ambedkar went to learn at the Elphinstone College, Mumbai. Ambedkar got a grant of twenty-five rupees per month from the Gayakwad leader of Baroda, Sayaji Rao III.
  • He graduated in Political Science and Economics from the Bombay University in 1912. Ambedkar went to the USA for higher studies.
  • Battle For Justice: In the wake of returning from the US, Ambedkar was selected as the Defense secretary to the King of Baroda. He needed to confront the embarrassment for being an ‘Untouchable’ even at Baroda. To proceed with his further examinations, in 1920 he went to England at his own costs.
  • He was granted respect of D.Sc. by the London University. On 8 June 1927, he was granted a Doctorate by the University of Columbia.
  • In the wake of coming back to India, Bhimrao Ambedkar watched that cast segregation was nearly dividing the Nation so he chose to battle against it. Ambedkar favored the idea of giving reservations to Dalits and different religious communities. Ambedkar, in wake of coming to the general population and influencing them to comprehend the disadvantages of the common social shades of malice, propelled a daily paper called “Mooknayaka” (pioneer of the quiet). Once subsequent to hearing his discourse at a rally, Shahu IV, a persuasive leader of Kolhapur feasted with the pioneer. This episode had made a colossal hullabaloo in the socio-political field of the nation.
  • Acknowledgment:-Ambedkar emphatically trusted that training ought to be given to all segments of the general public. B. R. Ambedkar Open University was set up by a demonstration of Andhra Pradesh State lawmaking body on 26th August 1982. Surely understood executive Jabbar Patel coordinated a motion picture on Ambedkar’s life and lessons in English which was later named in Hindi and other Indian dialects.
  • Since 1954-55 Ambedkar was experiencing genuine medical issues including diabetes and powerless visual perception. On 6 December 1956, he died at his home in Delhi. Dr. Ambedkar’s name remains an indication of the triumph of the down-trodden and since quite a while ago abused.
  • “Not at all like a drop of water which loses its character when it joins the sea, man does not lose his being in the general public in which he lives. Man’s life is free. He is born not for the advancement of the general public alone, but rather for the improvement of his self”

go to these video URLs…

SMART ESSAY ON DR BHIMRAO AMBEDKAR – YouTube

Learn English with Let’s Talk – Free English Lessons 2,153,604 views · 14:16. Sathyaraj talks about Dr …

Dr. B R AMBEDKAR Life Story and Photo Slideshow – YouTube

This video is about the life history and achievements of Dr B R AMBEDKAR it also includes various photos of …

BIOGRAPHY OF “DR . B. R. AMBEDKAR” – YouTube

Founder of Indian constitution -First law minister of India -Bharat Ratna holder –His struggle for the upliftment …

Dr.B.R Ambedkar’s speech in English – YouTube

Dr.B.R Ambedkar’s speech in English. Behan Mayawati. Loading… Unsubscribe from Behan Mayawati .


Bharat Ratna

Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: South Africa

 

Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Bharat Ratna Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela in 1990 for his contribution in Public Affairs: South Africa

Bharat Ratna

Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran in 1988 for contribution in Public Affairs :

Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran in 1988 for contribution in Public Affairs : Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran in 1988 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._G._Ramachandran

Bharat Ratna

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in 1987 for contribution in the field of Social Work:  Pakistan

Bharat Ratna Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in 1987 for contribution in the field of Social Work:  Pakistan
Bharat Ratna Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in 1987 for contribution in the field of Social Work:  Pakistan

Bharat Ratna

Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave in 1983 for contribution in the field of Social Work:

Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave in 1983 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
Bharat Ratna Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave in 1983 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna

Mother Teresa in 1980 for contribution in the field of Social Work: West Bengal

Bharat Ratna Mother Teresa in 1980 for contribution in the field of Social Work: West Bengal
Bharat Ratna Mother Teresa in 1980 for contribution in the field of Social Work: West Bengal

Bharat Ratna

Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj in 1976 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs:

Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj in 1976 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj in 1976 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna

Shri V.V. Giri in 1975 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Orissa

Bharat Ratna Shri V.V. Giri in 1975 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Orissa
Bharat Ratna Shri V.V. Giri in 1975 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Orissa

Bharat Ratna

Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1971 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1971 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1971 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane in 1963 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane in 1963 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
Bharat Ratna Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane in 1963 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Andhra Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Andhra Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Andhra Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Rajendra Prasad in 1962 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Bihar

Bharat Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad in 1962 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Bihar
Bharat Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad in 1962 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Bihar

Bharat Ratna

Bindanchandra Roi In 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: West Bengal 

Bharat Ratna Bindanchandra Roi In 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: West Bengal 
Bharat Ratna Bindanchandra Roi In 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: West Bengal 

Bharat Ratna

Shri Purushottam Tandon in 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Shri Purushottam Tandon in 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Shri Purushottam Tandon in 1961 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve in 1958 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve in 1958 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra
Bharat Ratna Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve in 1958 for contribution in the field of Social Work: Maharashtra

Bharat Ratna

Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant in 1957 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution to Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution to Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution to Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution to Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhagwan Das in 1955 for contribution to Literature & Education: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Shri Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna Shri Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna Shri Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 for contribution in the field of Public Affairs: Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna

Dr. M. Vishweshwariah in 1955 for contribution in the field of Civil Service: Karnataka

Bharat Ratna Dr. M. Vishweshwariah in 1955 for contribution in the field of Civil Service: Karnataka
Bharat Ratna Dr. M. Vishweshwariah in 1955 for contribution in the field of Civil Service: Karnataka

Bharat Ratna

Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs:

Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs : Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V.Raman) in 1954 in Science & Engineering: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V.Raman) in 1954 in Science & Engineering: Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V.Raman) in 1954 in Science & Engineering: Tamil Nadu

Bharat Ratna

Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

 

Bharat Ratna Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan in 1954 for contribution in Public Affairs: Tamil Nadu

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